One sure way a dog has an easy escape on the walk is when the leash is not handled properly, or the collar is too loose on the dog. Here are just a few tips to help make the leash walk safer for you and your best friend.
If you make it a point to always have the loop/handle on the leash pass over your wrist you will never drop the leash or have it pulled out of your hand. The cord on the retractable style leash can burn the handler and the dog, not to mention that dogs can get tangled up with the cord. Oh, and good luck getting your dog to return to you in the event of an emergency when on the retractable style leash. Do your dog a favor and toss those retractable type leashes in the trash.
The collar should fit so one finger can slide under it, if you can stack two fingers under the collar it's too loose on the dog. I like the Lupine Martingale collar as it has a lifetime guarantee. A good sturdy buckle collar can be easier for adjustments. Don't forget to have a name tag with a phone number on their collar just in case your dog should ever get lost. The micro chip is in addition to the name tag on the dogs collar. Update telephone numbers if they should ever change.
Using these tips will prevent you from losing control of your dog and help get your dog returned to you if they got lost.